Facebook Negative Effects: Rhetorical Analysis

Gray shades of blue


Nafisa Afsana Taskia, a Certified Supply Chain Analyst, does a great job at describing how Facebook can have adverse and negative effects on individuals that abuse the social media in her power point presentation “The Grey Shades of Blue”.

Nafisa not only explains how abusing Facebook has negative effects, but also references statistics of people who abuses social media, and compares the data to other social media sites that are trending in today’s society.

Presentation Overview

Nafisa chose to create a presentation with informal language to help give the readers or audience a clear image of what type of negative effects are associated with abusing social media.  The content is broken down beginning with an overview that describes the increasing importance of Facebook, the reasons why not to trust Facebook, how overuse and careless use of Facebook leads to personal and professional problems, and a no conclusion slide.  Enough visuals were included to provide the audience support for a better understanding on the content throughout the presentation.

Slide Content

The presentation doesn’t provide the purpose of the presentation, an introductory slide, or a synopsis of what the author is trying to accomplish with her presentation.  She started with a title slide, and transitioned straight to an overview; which is not a downfall of the presentation but an introductory slide would have laid out the foundation of the presentation from the beginning.

The overview in the presentation is clear and concise; there is enough information in a bullet and sub-bullet format to understand how all the points are related to each other. The formatting is aligned, and consistent.  The points in the headings reflect the overview without being out of sequence.

The Main Points

For all the main points, Nafisa used her research as back up on the presentation; however, she doesn’t explain how this information was obtained as there are no citations for the research or the images used on the presentation.  Although the pictures reflect statistics, the information can’t be validated which affects the credibility of the presentation.

There is no indication of research being conducted by herself, and the images included do not reflect a citation that indicates if they are her own products or someone else’s products. Nafisa does include a summary of her data, and covers a conclusion drawn from the data she provided.

The “Take-Aways” slides were references of different negative effects accompanied with images for the audiences to understand the point of the slide, but no conclusion slide was included aside from the last slide that states “Don’t be a puppet of the system”.  Although this statement could be construed as a conclusion, it doesn’t conclude anything from the data provided.  Transitions and especial effects were not used in the presentation to allow for an easier flow throughout the presentation, but it oriented the audience and it was consistent.


Nafisa rather than creating her own fonts for some slides, used a combination of images already created from different sources; the colors used for the presentation contrast within each other enough to create diversity and appeal.  The font sizes for some slides were larger than others, but they were effective as they were used to catch the audience attention.  The colors were used properly based on the content on the slides, and didn’t conflict with the images used.  No special effects were used but the images were enough to support the slide main point.

The repetition of the slide was not the same, she broke down each slide differently and it was effective in keeping the audience engaged due to the diversity of the presentation. The use of backgrounds and images were appropriate for the subject of the presentation.  One point per slide was made, and was not overwhelmed with unnecessary text.


Overall, the presentation is good as it used the proper alignment, proximity where it needed it, contrast with fonts and colors, and met most of the points in the Rhetoric of Presentations.  In conclusion, all the presentation needed to be a completely effect and credible presentation, were a purpose slide, a conclusion slide, and citations.

~ Laicos ~


Facebook-Free: Rhetorical strategies in Dr. Austin’s “Facebook addiction? Is Facebook harder to quit than smoking?

Photo by: Psychology Today

Dr. Michael W. Austin, Ph.D., a professor of Philosophy at Eastern Kentucky University, writes that the urge of staying on top of social media is one of the most difficult things to resist these days.  He makes this claim by using his personal experiences, and by referencing other convincing articles that claim the same, or similar facts.

He addresses this article to all of us, the general audience, as today’s society relies on social media, social networks; and who doesn’t rely on the smart phone these days?  Well, okay there are some people who still use a flip phone, but they are the minority, and even blackberries are almost obsolete.

In his article, he poses a good question; can one be Facebook-free? I think this is a great start to understanding the extent of how an individual can be addicted to Facebook.  Dr. Austin really hits the point of today’s social media dilemma, when he states that to get rid of this addiction, one has to go “cold turkey”.

Photo by: Rules the Roost Blogger

One of the main points of his article, is the fact that if all the studies that are being conducted on Facebook addiction are correct, then social medial poses a huge danger to people with addictive personalities.

He points out how according to recent studies, for some people quitting Facebook is more difficult than quitting smoking or drinking alcohol; and in another study, students who went without social media for 24 hours recorded, presented feelings of confusion, anxiety, irritability, jealousy, angriness, loneliness, dependency, depression, paranoia, insecurity, restlessness, and fretful. How can social media cause all these feelings?

Dr. Austin, makes it easy to see how Facebook addiction can down spiral if people are unable to control their impulses; he explains well how difficult it is to quit, why it is difficult, how it can be a danger to addictive personalities, and how it can have a negative impact.

One thing that can be appreciated about this article, is the informal yet human way of expressing the points of Facebook addiction so casually.  It keeps us reading more and more wondering if more research has been conducted that can give more ideas on how to quit without going cold-turkey.  The best part of all, is that he even gives the readers an insight into his own journey to being “Facebook-free”, which could make his readers feel as if  they can be just like him.

For anyone who is in social media, reading this article may help expand one’s mind regarding the severity of the issue.  As Dr. Austin states, studies currently are being done to analyze how people are addicted, and ways to be addiction-free from social media. He gives the readers a good starting point by linking his research on his article.

This is always a plus when a reader wants to validate the data, even if it’s for pure curiosity. Regardless of whether the studies are from a reliable source or not, at least other articles can give more feedback and link the reader to a reliable source, should they plan to seek treatment.

Although this is a short article, one could argue that Dr. Austin is implying that anyone could go Facebook-free cold-turkey, so that we can experience being in touch with friends and family, rather than being in touch on social networks.  It would be hard to imagine being without social media at all, but according to him, he doesn’t miss it.  That sounds like a good reason to try.

Even though his personal experience was a successful one, and perhaps simple and easy to go cold-turkey, it may not be as successful for others.  As he stated, if people have addictive personalities, then going cold-turkey may not be as simple and may require professional help.  The good news is that like him, other researches are still going in their journey looking for the right answers to Facebook addiction.

Works Cited

Austin, Michael W. “Facebook Addiction?” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 20 Feb. 2012, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ethics-everyone/201202/facebook-addiction.

Brain Hacked!

22 September, 2017

~In denial~

Friday morning and I’m going through these accounting transactions that just don’t add up; why is it so difficult for people to keep continuity on expenditures?

So, in the middle of my brief moment scratching my head about this ordeal, I see this FB message from a friend of mine to tell me that a new iPhone just came out.  I’m sitting at my desk thinking…. Hold up, she’s right next to me… what is she doing? Is she really expecting me to answer that message?

Okay, so if your friend is next to you and sends you a message on Facebook about something that just came out on the market, you know he/she is addicted…. Right?

Picture 1
Photo by Glamour; My best Friend is a Social Media Addict

But let’s stop for a minute and think…. What is the real definition of addiction? Because right now, I think most people probably would deny being addicted to social media… but let’s be honest now… how many times do we check our phones, for anything? What exactly are we addicted to?

According to a National Survey from the University of Bergen – Norway, a person who is addicted to social media reflects symptoms of preoccupation, anxiety, mood modification, tolerance, cravings, withdrawal, conflict with daily life shores or tasks, interference with human interaction, relapse, loss of control.   These are the feelings that someone would experience when using or abusing social media, and also drugs (Griffiths, 2005).

Picture 2
Photo by Infosannio; “Sign-in for Depression”


According to the Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale article, higher levels of addictive social media use, are higher on women than men and younger than older people.  The research also suggested that mostly addicted individuals tend to not be in personal relationships.

During the research, it was also discovered that social media plays a big part on individuals that want to express their ambitions and show their successes.  The recognition these individuals seek, comes from the likes and positive comments that social media returns.  Some individuals may construe this behavior as narcissism because it portrays individuals as arrogant, self-centered, manipulative, and ego-eccentric. (Alarcon & Sarabia, 2012).

With this in mind, have you ever thought about why, and how, these media products are designed? How the apps on these social networks are designed? Or better yet, have you been brain-hacked? That sounds aggressive, doesn’t it?

Picture 3
Photo by TechCrucnch; “Facebook is building brain-computer interfaces”


According to an interview published by CBS news regarding social media addiction, Silicon Valley programs phones, social media, and phone apps to get their users hooked.  Their aim is to get people addicted to their products, and that’s how they really stay in business.  And one may ask, how is that so?

During the CBS interview, former product manager at Google, Tristan Harris explained that Silicon Valley programs these devices and products using the “slot machine” effect. What that means to the users is that every time they check their phones, they are playing the slot machine to see what they get; in social media, the same effect is reproduced when people are looking for that number of likes and comments.

That is the incentive people look to receive from these products; this effect on people is how Silicon Valley hijacks people’s minds into creating a habit to continue to pull that slot handle over, and over again.  (Harris, 2014).

Picture 6
Photo by CBS; “What is Brain Hacking?”

In Conclusion;

Bottom line social media is a behavior disorder; it creates the same feelings that are associated with individuals that have a drug addiction.

Although not a lot of empirical research exists, some has started to develop which has discovered trends, gender, time, amount, the addiction to social media it is a disorder, and Facebook addiction is part of that list of disorders to social media in the same respect to addiction to gambling, gaming, sexting, etc.

A perfect example was my friend, who seats next to me and send me a message on Facebook.  She is unable to put the phone in her purse and focus on work; eventually it will become an issue that she’ll have to face with our boss.

Although many people would state that Facebook is not an addiction, I would agree that it may not be an addiction in the beginning.  I would argue that self control is the key to this phenomena, because the addiction based on research seems to affect greatly the younger populations more than adults.

As I user of Facebook, I would argue that I personally don’t believe being addicted; I do have multiple choices, but use them whenever there is a moment for myself. I would also state that it all depends on the age, maturity, and self-control.

The take away here is that any behavior that is excessive, can turn into an addiction which leads into a disorder.  Every habit we pick, besides being brain hacked, can become an obsession.  The key to maintain is balance, in that is true for most things in life.

~ So… Are you addicted?~

Here’s 10 signs that you are addicted to Facebook

1) You feel pleasure as soon as you login

2) You stay on Facebook longer than what you planned/expected

3) You give up social activities in order to stay on Facebook

4) Interference with your family, work, social life because of excessive Facebook use

5) Anger, tension, depression if Facebook is not available

6) Increased amount spent on Facebook to get the same feeling you had the first time you logged in

7) Spending excessive time creating ideas on how to update and improve your profile

8) Attempts to leave Facebook or stay out of it always fail

9) Logged in all day in Facebook waiting for activity, or posting

10) People around you say your Facebook use is “too much”

Picture 8

~ Laicos ~

Works Cited

            “The Relationship between Addictive Use of Social Media, Narcissism, and Self-Esteem: Findings from a Large National Survey.” Addictive Behaviors, Pergamon, 19 Mar. 2016, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460316301095#bbb0085.

Constine, Josh. “Facebook Is Building Brain-Computer Interfaces for Typing and Skin-Hearing.” TechCrunch, TechCrunch, 19 Apr. 2017, techcrunch.com/2017/04/19/facebook-brain-interface/

Blog, Addiction Blog Addiction. “Addiction Blog.” Addiction Blog Internet RSS, Addiction Blog, internet.addictionblog.org/am-i-a-facebook-addict-10-signs-of-facebook-addiction/.

Zombie Wednesdays

Florida, 13 Sep 17… On my way to work!

I woke up today so late… all because I couldn’t stop looking at the silly replies on Facebook from my friends and Hurricane Irma. I felt like a zombie all day thinking “why am I doing this to myself,

“why Lord Baby Jesus, why????”                                               

Isn’t that the million-dollar question? I mean, don’t you find yourself wondering why you keep going back to it, what’s so good about Facebook that we can’t just simply say

Nooooo Face Book, not today!!!

Some of my coworkers say that social media is like a virus in our brain, like a Trojan horse, like a DOS, or some other virtual evil that has invaded our ability to cope with everyday life. But is that true?

Hey!!!… has anyone analyzed, and researched this? Is there reliable data out there? I mean, “reliable” on the internet, because as far as I’m concerned, I still haven’t seen an option on the medical checklist when you go to medical appointments.

That reads:

  • Do you suffer from Facebookism?
  • Do you feel depressed because Facebook is down in your area?
  • Are you immune to the blue and white colors of Facebook?
  • Are you sad because your boyfriend didn’t post on your wall today?

I mean, is Face Book really affecting people? What about Instagram, Twitter, and Match.Com, and all these other weird ones like Tango? Are they also making people go bunkers?

And the saddest part is that I got so curious, that I decided to Google it. You know?  Because we always Google things… Libraries, apparently, are a thing of the past. I kind of miss them, but sadly they don’t have room for Facebook drama, so…. I guess I’ll rely on Google for now.

So, while on my Google adventure I ran into so many articles, OMG!!! – People do blog about this, people are really serious about it, I can’t believe even the news have so many articles.  There was so much information, that it would be impossible to even figure with exactitude what’s a reliable source.

Where was I when all of this STUFF was aired out, or published. I thought Facebook was just social media… you know, innocent fun.

FB post
Fox News Insider. (27 Sep 2015). Criminal Couple Duo Robs Bank, Posts Pictures to Facebook 

So here are some articles I found:

Check this out; the World Economic Forum, (Weforum, 2015) published an article on how Facebook is changing our social lives, in 2015.  They claimed that “Facebook users tend to be more extroverted and narcissistic, but less conscientious and socially lonely, than nonusers”.

Hold up!… What are they even basing this information on? That’s a survey on a small demographic area in America. What about the rest of the world who uses Face Book?

They also claimed that “apparently most people” use Facebook to get instant communication and connection with their friends.  (Weforum, 2015)                   Really? Is that what they use Facebook for?

Because according to the Daily Mail in UK, (Daily Mail, 2017) there is a face book crime every 40 minutes – and it goes from full crime to misdemeanors. How many users haven’t been harassed, murdered, kidnapped, raped, or other by someone they met on Facebook? And this is just a newspaper in UK responding to crime, but what about the rest of the world? (Daily Mail, 2017).

I ran into a CNN (2014) post dedicated to Mr. Mark Zuckerberg, and Dustin Moskovitz – the Harvard dorm room buddies who created this time bomb as I call it; after reading the line where they state “We are, after all, only human”… I nearly fell off my chair. (CNN, 2014)

I mean, I get it, the kids are geniuses – but the time bomb they created has become a playground for so much crime. Did they not think this would eventually happen?

Then they go about the good and the bad, and I nearly chocked this time, because not once they mentioned the implications their creation has brought to our society.

All they focused on, was on how many facebookers overshare, poke, don’t poke enough, what makes people happy, or doesn’t, I mean… they talk about the insignificant things while there are so many critical others that they should be accountable for.

Facebook owners.PNG
CNN. (31 Jan 2014). 5 Ways Facebook changed us, for better and worse

People, UNDERSTAND THIS… Social Media is infested of predators that are opportunist; they are waiting for an opportunity to commit crime, and they use media because “WE”, are too complacent. Do you know what I mean?

Hawkinson J. (23 Nov 2011) Predators on Facebook

Is not just about being lonely on Facebook, or my boyfriend cheated on me with some girl on Facebook that he doesn’t even know! – COME ONNNN!!!

How many crimes do you all think could have been saved, had we had Facebook in the 70s? Do you all know how many cold cases currently exist in America?



Works Cited:

World Economic Forum. (2 Oct 2015). How Facebook is changing our social lives [Blog Post].  Retrieved from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/10/how-facebook-is-changing-our-social-lives/

Daily Mail. (14 Sep 2017). A Facebook crime every 40 minutes: From killing to grooming as 12,300 case are linked to the site [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2154624/A-Facebook-crime-40-minutes-12-300-cases-linked-site.html

CNN. (31 Jan 2014). 5 Ways Facebook changed us, for the better and worse [Blog Post] Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/31/tech/social-media/facebook-changes/index.htmlhttp:/www.cnn.com/2014/01/31/tech/social-media/facebook-changes/index.html.

Fox News Insider. (27 Sep 2015). Criminal Couple Duo Robs Bank, Posts Pictures to Facebook [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://insider.foxnews.com/2015/09/27/ohio-couple-arrested-bank-robbery-after-posting-photos-facebook

CNN. (31 Jan 2014). 5 Ways Facebook changed us, for better and worse [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/31/tech/social-media/facebook-changes/index.htmlhttp:/www.cnn.com/2014/01/31/tech/social-media/facebook-changes/index.html

Hawkinson J. (23 Nov 2011) Predators on Facebook. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://joehawkinson.blogspot.com/2011/11/predators-on-facebook.html